What is the general meaning of Ethics? Which paper of mains does Ethics covers? What is its importance in the Mains Exam?
General studies paper 4 of mains cover Ethics, integrity, Aptitude. This paper include questions to test your attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and your problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced in dealing with society. The importance of Ethics and integrity cannot be undermined in civil services. Your attitude reflects your actions and this subject not only hones your problem solving skills but also gives you a very in-depth approach on society and its issues. This core reason behind inclusion of this subject is to raise the officer in you while preparing to become one.
What is the syllabus for the exam? How vast is the GS 4 mains exam syllabus ? What topics are covered in this area?
UPSC has designed a definite syllabus for GS 4 paper. The paper is divided into two parts part A deals with theory ,skills and understanding. Part B deals with case studies and your situation handling skills. Following are broad areas covered in the syllabus
- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in – Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics; Ethics – in Private and Public Relationships. Human Values – Lessons from the Lives and Teachings of Great Leaders, Reformers and Administrators; Role of Family Society and Educational Institutions in Inculcating Values.
- Attitude: Content, Structure, Function; its Influence and Relation with Thought and Behaviour; Moral and Political Attitudes; Social Influence and Persuasion.
- Aptitude and Foundational Values for Civil Service, Integrity, Impartiality and Non-partisanship, Objectivity, Dedication to Public Service, Empathy, Tolerance and Compassion towards the weaker-sections.
- Emotional Intelligence-Concepts, and their Utilities and Application in Administration and Governance.
- Contributions of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and World.
- Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Problems; Ethical Concerns and Dilemmas in Government and Private Institutions; Laws, Rules, Regulations and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance; Accountability and Ethical Governance; Strengthening of Ethical and Moral Values in Governance; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance.
- Probity in Governance: Concept of Public Service; Philosophical Basis of Governance and Probity; Information Sharing and Transparency in Government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work Culture, Quality of Service Delivery, Utilization of Public Funds, Challenges of Corruption.
- Case Studies on above issues.
How should an aspirant approach the subject? How to formulate a perfect study plan for the subject?
Importance of reading the NCERT’S first cannot be undermined. Ncert should be your holy book to understand the nature of the subject and its broad areas. Next reading previous year question paper will help you in your journey. A smart move here will be to suffice the preparation with topper’s answer sheet to formulate the structure of answer for this particular exam and learn a thing or two about the art of answering. Substantiate your preparation with note making and mind maps from reference books but also strictly adhere to the syllabus while doing so. Lastly, inculcate those values and ethics in you to develop and understand the nature of the job .
What booklist should an aspirant follow for the GS 4 paper? What are the standard books for Ethics?
The resources that you must follow for preparation of Ethics for UPSC Mains Exam include:
- Ethics in Public Administration by Patrick Sheeran.
- Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude by G. Subbarao.
- NCERT Psychology book Class XI & XII: Syllabus-specific chapters
- Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity, and aptitude- Civil services chronicle.