#25 Internal Security : Subject Importance & Previous Year Paper Analysis

What is Internal security ?What is its importance in the main paper? How should I study for the subject?

Internal security is covered in general studies 3 papers along with  some topics of biodiversity, Environment and ecology and economics. The topic is concise and very easy to understand . Internal security is the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories, generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats. The topics correlate with current events of national and international development of  our country. Questions asked from this topic are generally direct and rational. To have a good grasp over the subject you must start with the NCERT to strengthen your base.

What kind of questions are asked from this topic? How many questions are asked in GS-3 from this topic?

Every year at least 4-5 questions are asked from this topic. To understand the nature of questions asked we have to go through some previous year questions of the same.

The number of questions asked from this section in the past few mains paper are :

Year

Number year question

2016

4

2017

4

2018

3

2019

4

2020

4

Here are some previous year questions of the subject:

2020

  1. Discuss different types of cybercrimes and measures required to be taken to fight the menace.
  2. For effective border area management, discuss the steps required to be taken to deny local support to militants and also suggest ways to manage favourable perception among locals.
  3. What are the determinants of left-wing extremism in the Eastern part of India? What strategy should the Government of India, civil administration and security forces adopt to counter the threat in the affected areas?
  4. Analyse internal security threats and trans border crimes along Myanmar, Bangladesh and Pakistan borders including Line of Control (LoC). Also, discuss the role played by various security forces in this regard.

2019

  1. The banning of ‘Jamaat-e-Islami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize the influence of OGWs.
  2. What is the CyberDome Project? Explain how it can be useful in controlling internet crimes in India.
  3. Indian Government has recently strengthened the anti-terrorism laws by amending the unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 and the NIA act. Analyze the changes in the context of the prevailing security environment while discussing the scope and reasons for opposing the UAPA by human rights organizations.
  4. Cross-Border movement of insurgents is only one of the several security challenges facing the policing of the border in North-East India. Examine the various challenges currently emanating across the India-Myanmar border. Also, discuss the steps to counter the challenges.

2018

  1. Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still affects many parts of the country. Briefly explain the Government of India’s approach to counter the challenges posed by LWE.
  2. Data security has assumed significant importance in the digitized world due to rising cyber-crimes. Justice B. N. Srikrishna Committee Report addresses issues related to data security. What, in your view, are the strengths and weaknesses of the Report relating to the protection of personal data in cyberspace?
  3. India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What countermeasures should be taken to prevent the same?

2017

  1. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it.
  2. The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region.
  3. Mob violence is emerging as a serious law and order problem in India. By giving suitable examples, analyze the causes and consequences of such violence.
  4. The scourge of terrorism is a grave challenge to national security. What solutions do you suggest to curb this growing menace? What are the major sources of terrorist fundings?

2016

  1. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions.
  2. ‘Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement.
  3. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management.
  4. Use of the internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major security concern. How have these been misused in the recent past? Suggest effective guidelines to curb the above threat.

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