#26 International Relations : Subject Importance & Previous Year Paper Analysis

What is International Relations ? What is its importance in the Mains Exam?

General studies paper 2 of UPSC Mains deals with International relations. However GS -2 carries a lot of diverse topics but at least 3-4 questions are asked from International relations. International relations goes beyond peace treaties ,war or business; it actually deals with world politics and intrinsic political patterns and how we can maintain the peace and cooperate at a bigger level. Questions asked are current affairs based so reading the newspaper becomes essential.

What kind of questions are asked in International Relations ? What are some previous year questions of International relations?

The number of questions asked in mains from international relations are given below as per previous year paper analysis:

Year

Number of questions

2016

3

2017

4

2018

5

2019

4

2020

5

Some previous year questions asked by UPSC from the topic are mentioned below. You must go through it to get a clear knowledge about the pattern followed by the board. In addition to this you must also practise answer writing for this subject as it will not only hone your skills but also give you an idea about how to formulate your answers.

   2016

Q1.The broader aims and objectives of WTO are to manage and promote international trade in the era of globalization. But the Doha round of negotiations seems doomed due to differences between the developed and the developing countries.” Discuss in the Indian perspective.

 

Q2. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post-Cold War international scenario.

 

Q3. “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples.

 

2017

Q1.‘China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’, In the light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbour.

  

Q2. What are the main functions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)? Explain different functional commissions attached to it.

  

Q3. The question of India’s Energy Security constitutes the most important part of India’s economic progress. Analyze India’s energy policy cooperation with West Asian Countries. (250 words)

  

Q4. Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in South-East Asian countries’ economy and society. Appraise the role of Indian Diaspora in South- East Asia in this context (250 words)

  

2018

Q1. “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss.

 

Q2. A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018.

 

Q3. Indian and the USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

 

Q4. What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War’, especially keeping in mind the interest of India?

 

Q5. In what ways would the ongoing US-Iran Nuclear Pact Controversy affect the national interest of India? How should India respond to its situation?

 

2020

Q1.What is the significance of Indo-US defence deals over Indo-Russian defence deals? Discuss with reference to stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

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Q2.‘Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD)’ is transforming itself into a trade bloc from a military alliance, in present times – Discuss.

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Q3.“The incidence and intensity of poverty are more important in determining poverty based on income alone”. In this context analyze the latest United Nations Multidimensional Poverty Index Report.

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Q4.‘Indian diaspora has a decisive role to play in the politics and economy of America and European Countries’. Comment with examples.

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Q5.Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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