#46 What is the Booklist and Syllabus for Civil Engineering Optional in UPSC?

What is civil engineering ?

Civil engineering is  the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment.

What is the syllabus for civil engineering and strategy?

Civil engineering is one of the optional subjects provided by upsc. It carries 250 marks each .The syllabus for civil engineering subject is very vast and so only those who have studied the subject earlier can ace it.


paper 1:

1.Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis:

Engineering Mechanics, Kinematics and Kinetics, Kinetics of particle, Strength of Materials, Deflection of beams, Structural Analysis, Slope Deflection, moment distribution, Rolling loads and Influences lines, Arches, Matrix methods of analysis, Plastic Analysis of beams and frames, Unsymmetrical bending.

2.Design of Structures:

Steel, Concrete and Masonry Structures, Structural Steel Design, Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures, Reinforced Concrete, Water tanks, Prestressed concrete

3.Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines

Fluid Mechanics, Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow, Dimensional Analysis and Similitude, Laminar Flow, Boundary layer, Turbulent flow through pipes, Open channel flow, Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower

4.Geotechnical Engineering:

Soil Type and structure

Paper 2 

1.Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management:

Construction Technology, Construction, Construction Planning and Management:

2.Surveying and Transportation Engineering:

Surveying, Railway Engineering, Highway Engineering, 

3.Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering

Hydrology, Groundwater flow, Water Resources Engineering, Irrigation Engineering, 

4.Environmental Engineering

Water Supply, Intake of water, Sewerage systems, Sewage characterization, Sewage treatment, Solid waste

5.Environmental pollution

Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects. Air pollution. Pollution control acts.

Strategy for preparation:

  • To prepare for civil engineering first you must be well versed with the subject and it’s syllabus.
  • You must have an engineering background to choose this subject ,only civil engineering graduates are recommended to take this optional as it would be simply impossible for a person with any other background to study what engineering graduates have studied for four years.
  • Practice the previous years’ UPSC question papers. 
  • Have a list of formulas  with you and revise them .
  • Practice and incorporate diagrams in your answers.
  • Enroll in a test series as the papers are lengthy and you need ample exam simulation. 


What is the preferred booklist for the exam?

  1. Engineering Mechanics: Statics and Dynamics – Irving Herman Shames
  2. Strength of Material- Prof. S. Ramamrutham
  3. Mechanics for Engineers- B Johnson
  4. Structural Analysis- C. K. Wang
  5. Limit state design of steel structures: S K Duggal
  6. Design of steel structures: N Subramanian
  7. Engineering Mechanics – McLean
  8. Limit State Design – Ram Chandra
  9. Soil Mechanics – K.R. Arora
  10. Fluid Mechanics – Modi and Seth
  11. Surveying – Punmia
  12. Strength of Material – V. N. Vazaram
  13. Basic and applied Fluid Mechanics-Garde
  14. Theory of Structure: Volume- II – Vazirani and Ratwani
  15. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering – A Singh and K R Arora
  16. Strength and Materials -UC. Jindal
  17. Introduction to Mechanics of Solids – Crandall, Stephen, Lardner, Thomas
  18. Engineering Hydrology – K. Subramanya
  19. Irrigation Engineering – S.K. Garg
  20. Strength of material – Gere and Timoshenko
  21. Concrete Technology – M.S. Shetty
  22. R.C.C. (WSM) – Syal and Goyal
  23. R.C.C. (LSM) – A.K. Jain
  24. Steel Structure – L.S. Negi
  25. Prestressed Concrete – N. Krishna Raju

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