Upsc mains has a total of 9 papers out of which 2 papers are optional. Upsc has a list of 48 subjects including 23 from literature. Commerce and accountancy is one such subject included in the list. However ,the subject is not that popular among the candidates but surely has a great potential if one is well versed with the subject already. If you are a commerce graduate then this subject might prove fruitful to you. In the past many Topper’s have chosen this subject and have passed with flying colours.
To understand the subject you must first understand It’s demand.
The syllabus of the subject is comprehensive and relatable.
Paper I (Accounting and Finance)
➤ Accounting as a Financial Information System; Impact of Behavioural Sciences. Accounting Standards e.gAccounting for Depreciation, Inventories, Research and Development Costs, Long-term Construction Contracts, Revenue Recognition, Fixed Assets, Contingencies, Foreign Exchange Transactions, Investments and Government Grants, Cash Flow Statement, Earnings Per Share.
➤Accounting for Share Capital Transactions including Bonus Shares, Right Shares, Employees Stock Option and Buy-Back of Securities.
➤ Preparation and Presentation of Company Final Accounts. Amalgamation, Absorption, and Reconstruction of Companies.
➤ Nature and Functions of Cost Accounting. Installation of Cost Accounting System. Cost Concepts related to Income Measurement, Profit Planning, Cost Control and Decision Making.
➤ Methods of Costing: Job Costing, Process Costing, Activity Based Costing. Volume – cost – Profit Relationship as a tool of Profit Planning.Incremental Analysis/ Differential Costing as a Tool of Pricing Decisions, Product Decisions, Make or Buy Decisions, Shut-Down Decisions, etc.
➤ Techniques of Cost Control and Cost Reduction: Budgeting as a Tool of Planning and Control. Standard Costing and Variance Analysis.
➤ Responsibility Accounting and Divisional Performance Measurement.
➤ Income Tax: Definitions; Basis of Charge; Incomes which do not form Part of Total Income. Simple problems of Computation of Income (of Individuals only) under Various Heads, i.e., Salaries, Income from House Property, Profits and Gains from Business or Profession, Capital Gains, Income from other sources, Income of other Persons included in Assessee’s Total Income.
Set – Off and Carry Forward of Loss.
➤ Deductions from Gross Total Income. Salient Features/Provisions Related to VAT and Services Tax.
➤ Company Audit: Audit related to Divisible Profits, Dividends, Special investigations, Tax audit.
➤ Audit of Banking, Insurance, Non-Profit Organizations and Charitable
Financial Management, Financial Institutions, and Markets
➤ Finance Function: Nature, Scope, and Objectives of Financial Management: Risk and Return Relationship. Tools of Financial Analysis: Ratio Analysis, Funds-Flow, and Cash-Flow Statement.
Capital Budgeting Decisions: Process, Procedures and Appraisal Methods. Risk and Uncertainty Analysis and Methods.
➤ Cost of capital: Concept, Computation of Specific Costs and Weighted Average Cost of Capital. CAPM as a Tool of Determining Cost of Equity Capital.
➤ Financing Decisions: Theories of Capital Structure – Net Income (NI) Approach, Net Operating Income (NOI) Approach, MM Approach and Traditional Approach. Designing of Capital structure: Types of Leverages (Operating, Financial and Combined), EBIT- EPS Analysis, and other Factors.
Dividend Decisions and Valuation of Firm: Walter’s Model, MM Thesis, Gordan’s Model, Lintner’s Model. Factors Affecting Dividend Policy.
➤ Working Capital Management: Planning of Working Capital. Determinants of Working Capital. Components of Working Capital Cash, Inventory and Receivables.
➤ Corporate Restructuring with focus on Mergers and Acquisitions (Financial aspects only).
2.Financial Markets and Institutions:
➤ Indian Financial System: An Overview of Money Markets: Participants, Structure and Instruments. Commercial Banks. Reforms in Banking sector. Monetary and Credit Policy of RBI. RBI as a Regulator.
➤ Capital Market: Primary and Secondary Market. Financial Market Instruments and Innovative Debt Instruments; SEBI as a Regulator.
➤ Financial Services: Mutual Funds, Venture Capital, Credit Rating Agencies, Insurance and IRDA.
(Organisation Theory and Behaviour, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations)
1.Organisation Theory and Behaviour:
Nature and Concept of Organisation; External Environment of Organizations -Technological, Social, Political, Economical and Legal; Organizational Goals – Primary and Secondary goals, Single and Multiple Goals; Management by Objectives.
➤ Evolution of Organisation Theory: Classical, Neo-classical and Systems Approach.
➤ Modern Concepts of Organisation Theory: Organisational Design, Organisational Structure and Organisational Culture.
➤ Organisational Design–Basic Challenges; Differentiation and Integration Process; Centralization and Decentralization Process; Standardization / Formalization and Mutual Adjustment. Coordinating Formal and Informal Organizations. Mechanistic and Organic Structures.
➤ Designing Organizational structures–Authority and Control; Line and Staff Functions, Specialization and Coordination.
2.Types of Organization Structure :
Functional. Matrix Structure, Project Structure. Nature and Basis of Power, Sources of Power, Power Structure and Politics. Impact of Information Technology on Organizational Design and Structure.
➤ Managing Organizational Culture.
➤ Meaning and Concept; Individual in organizations: Personality, Theories, and Determinants; Perception – Meaning and Process.
➤ Motivation: Concepts, Theories and Applications. Leadership-Theories and Styles. Quality of Work Life (QWL): Meaning and its impact on Performance, Ways of its Enhancement. Quality Circles (QC) – Meaning and their Importance. Management of Conflicts in Organizations. Transactional Analysis, Organizational Effectiveness, Management of Change.
Human Resources Management and Industrial Relations
1.Human Resources Management (HRM) :
➤ Meaning, Nature and Scope of HRM, Human Resource Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Job Specification, Recruitment Process, Selection Process, Orientation and Placement, Training and Development Process, Performance Appraisal and 360° Feedback, Salary and Wage Administration, Job Evaluation, Employee Welfare, Promotions, Transfers and Separations.
2.Industrial Relations (IR):
➤ Meaning, Nature, Importance and Scope of IR, Formation of Trade Unions, Trade Union Legislation, Trade Union Movement in India. Recognition of Trade Unions, Problems of Trade Unions in India. Impact of Liberalization on Trade Union Movement.
➤ Nature of Industrial Disputes: Strikes and Lockouts, Causes of Disputes, Prevention and Settlement of Disputes.
➤ Workers Participation in Management: Philosophy, Rationale, Present Day Status and Future Prospects. Adjudication and Collective Bargaining.
➤ Industrial Relations in Public Enterprises, Absenteeism and Labour Turnover in Indian Industries and their Causes and Remedies.
➤ ILO and its Functions.
What is the booklist for the subject?
FUNDAMENTALS OF CORPORATE ACCOUNTING–J.R.MONGA
ACCOUNTING STANDARDS – ICAI PUBLICATIONS.
FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING –ANTHONY & WELSCH
COST ACCOUNTING; THEORY & PROBLEMS–MAHESHWARI & MITTAL
STUDENTS’ GUIDE TO AUDITING— ARUNA JHA (TAXMANN PUBLISHERS)
STUDENTS’ GUIDE TO INCOME TAX–V.K.SINGHANIA
SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO INCOME TAX –GIRISH AHUJA
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT — R. P. RUSTAGI
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT; TEXT & PROBLEMS–KHAN & JAIN
6.FINANCIAL MARKETS & INSTITUTIONS:
INDIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM–M.Y.KHAN
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS & MARKETS–L.M.BHOLE
7.THE CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT :
JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS OF INDIA)
8.THE ECONOMIC SURVEY (GOVT. OF INDIA PUBLICATION)
9.FINANCIAL/BUSINESS SECTION OF THE TIMES OF INDIA OR ANY OTHER DAILY NEWSPAPER.
1.ORGANISATION THEORY & BEHAVIOUR—B.P SINGH & T.N. CHABRA
2.ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR–STEPHEN P. ROBBINS
3.ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR—FRED LUTHANS
4.MANAGEMENT OF ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR– PAUL HERSEY & KEN BLANCHARD
1.Human Resource Management
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT -C.B GUPTA
2.HUMAN RESOURCE and PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT –K. ASWATHAPPA
3.HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT -VSP RAO
4.INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS IN INDIAN ENTERPRISES–R.S.DWIVEDI
5.DYNAMICS OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS–C.B.MAMORIA, SATISH MAMORIA & S.V. GANKAR
6.INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS–T.N.CHHABRA & R.K.SURI
7.RELEVANT ARTICLES FROM THE FOLLOWING JOURNALS:
- INDIAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
- INDIAN JOURNAL OF LABOUR ECONOMICS
8.REPORTS/PUBLICATIONS OF THE CENTRAL GOVT/GOVT COMMITTEES CONCERNING LABOUR POLICY