#51 What is the Booklist and Syllabus for Management Optional in UPSC CSE ?

Management is a very  relevant subject As  even after clearing the UPSC Exam it becomes an integral part of an IAS officer’s work profile. Although Management as an optional is not a very popular subject but still it has been considered as a safe choice. The optional subject has 2 papers which  carry 250 marks each. Choosing the right optional can make or break your preparation.So should I choose management?should I go for some other subject?will taking management help me?what strategy should I follow? To all those who are facing a similar dilemma the answer totally depends on your interest.

So how do we prepare for the subject? What is the syllabus and booklist? How should we strategize our preparation for better results?

Firstly, go through the previous year question paper to know the pattern and kind of questions asked.

Secondly don’t jump into the subject directly try to understand it’s essence by reading it’s syllabus and understanding it  thoroughly asit will help you to from collecting unnecessary information.


Paper I

1.Managerial Function

  1. Concept and Foundations of Management, 
  2. Evolution of Management Thoughts;
  3. Managerial Functions – Planning, Organizing, Controlling; Decision making; 
  4. Role of Manager, Managerial skills; 
  5. Entrepreneurship;
  6. Management of innovation ; 
  7. Managing in a global environment, Flexible Systems Management; 
  8. Social responsibility and managerial ethics; 
  9. Process and customer orientation; 
  10. Managerial processes on the direct and indirect value chain.

1.Organisational Behaviour and Design

  1. Conceptual model of organization behaviour; 
  2. The individual processes – personality, values and attitude, perception, motivation, learning and reinforcement, work stress and stress management; 
  3. The dynamics of organization behaviour – power and politics, conflict and negotiation, leadership process and styles, communication; 
  4. The Organizational Processes – decision making, job design; 
  5. Classical, Neoclassical and Contingency approaches to organizational design; 
  6. Organizational theory and design – organizational culture, managing cultural diversity, learning organization ; 
  7. organizational change and development ; 
  8. Knowledge-Based Enterprise – systems and processes; 
  9. Networked and virtual organizations.

III. Human Resource Management

  1. HRM functions; 
  2. The future challenges of HRM; Strategic Management of human resources; 
  3. Human resource planning; 
  4. Job analysis; 
  5. Job evaluation; 
  6. Recruitment and selection; 
  7. Training and development; 
  8. Promotion and transfer; 
  9. Performance management; 
  10. Compensation management and benefits; 
  11. Employee morale and productivity; 
  12. Management of organizational climate and Industrial relations; 
  13. Human resources accounting and audit; 
  14. Human resource information system; 
  15. International human resource management.

1.Accounting for Managers

Financial accounting – concept, importance and scope, generally accepted accounting principles, preparation of financial statements with special reference to analysis of a balance sheet and measurement of business income, inventory valuation and depreciation, financial statement analysis, fund flow analysis, the statement of cash flows.

Management accounting – concept, need, importance and scope; Cost accounting – records and processes, cost ledger and control accounts, reconciliation and integration between financial and cost accounts; Overhead cost and control, Job and process costing, Budget and budgetary control, Performance budgeting, Zero-base budgeting, relevant costing and costing for decision-making, standard costing and variance analysis, marginal costing and absorption costing.

1.Financial Management

  1. Goals of finance function; 
  2. Concepts of value and return; 
  3. Valuation of bonds and shares; 
  4. Management of working capital: 
  5. Estimation and financing; 
  6. Management of cash, receivables, inventory and current liabilities;
  7. Cost of capital; Capital budgeting; 
  8. Financial and operating leverage; 
  9. Design of capital structure: theories and practices; 
  10. Shareholder value creation: dividend policy, corporate financial policy and strategy, management of corporate distress and restructuring strategy; 
  11. Capital and money markets: institutions and instruments; 
  12. Leasing, hire purchase and venture capital; 
  13. Regulation of capital market; 
  14. Risk and return: portfolio theory; CAPM; APT; 
  15. Financial derivatives: option, futures, swap; 
  16. Recent reforms in financial sector

Vi. Marketing Management

  1. Concept, evolution and scope; 
  2. Marketing strategy formulation and components of marketing plan; 
  3. Segmenting and targeting the market; 
  4. Positioning and differentiating the market offering; 
  5. Analyzing competition; Analyzing consumer markets; 
  6. Industrial buyer behaviour; 
  7. Market research; 
  8. Product strategy; 
  9. Pricing strategies; 
  10. Designing and managing Marketing channels; 
  11. Integrated marketing communications; 
  12. Building customer satisfaction, Value and retention; 
  13. Services and non-profit marketing; 
  14. Ethics in marketing; 
  15. Consumer protection; 
  16. Internet marketing; 
  17. Retail management; 
  18. Customer relationship management; 
  19. Concept of holistic marketing.


I.Quantitative Techniques in Decision Making

Descriptive statistics – tabular, graphical and numerical methods, introduction to probability, discrete and continuous probability distributions, inferential statistics sampling distributions, central limit theorem, hypothesis testing for differences between means and proportions, inference about population variances, Chi-square and ANOVA, simple correlation and regression, time series and forecasting, decision theory, index numbers; 

Linear programming – problem formulation, simplex method and graphical solution, sensitivity analysis.

II.Production and Operations Management

Fundamentals of operations management; 

Organizing for production; 

Aggregate production planning, capacity planning, plant design: process planning, plant size and scale of operations, Management of facilities;

Line balancing; 

Equipment replacement and maintenance; 

Production control; 

Supply chain management – vendor evaluation and audit; 

Quality management; 

Statistical process control, Six Sigma; 

Flexibility and agility in manufacturing systems; 

World class manufacturing; 

Project management concepts, R&D management, Management of service operations; Role and importance of materials management, value analysis, make or buy decision; 

Inventory control, MRP; 

Waste management.

III.Management Information System

Conceptual foundations of information systems; 

Information theory; 

Information resource management; 

Types of information systems; 

Systems development – Overview of systems and design; 

System development management life-cycle, Designing for online and distributed environments; Implementation and control of project; 

Trends in information technology; 

Managing data resources – Organising data; DSS and RDBMS; 

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Expert systems, e-Business architecture, e-Governance; Information systems planning, Flexibility in information systems; 

User involvement; 

Evaluation of information systems.

IV.Government Business Interface

State participation in business, Interactionbetween Government, Business and different Chambers of Commerce and Industry in India; 

Government’s policy with regard to Small Scale Industries; 

Government clearances for establishing a new enterprise; 

Public Distribution System; 

Government control over price and distribution; 

Consumer Protection Act (CPA) and The Role of voluntary organizations in protecting consumers’ rights; 

New Industrial Policy of the Government: 

liberalization, deregulation and privatisation; 

Indian planning system; 

Government policy concerning development of Backward areas/regions; 

The Responsibilities of the business as well as the Government to protect the environment; Corporate Governance; 

Cyber Laws.

V.Strategic Management

Business policy as a field of study; 

Nature and scope of strategic management, Strategic intent, vision, objectives and policies; Process of strategic planning and implementation; 

Environmental analysis and internal analysis; 

SWOT analysis; 

Tools and techniques for strategic analysis – Impact matrix: 

The experience curve, BCG matrix, GEC mode, Industry analysis, Concept of value chain; Strategic profile of a firm; 

Framework for analysing competition; 

Competitive advantage of a firm; 

Generic competitive strategies; 

Growth strategies – expansion, integration and diversification; 

Concept of core competence, Strategic flexibility; 

Reinventing strategy; Strategy and structure; 

Chief Executive and Board; 

Turnaround management; 

Management of strategic change; 

Strategic alliances, Mergers and Acquisitions; 

Strategy and corporate evolution in the Indian context.

VI.International Business

International Business Environment : Changing composition of trade in goods and services; India’s Foreign Trade: Policy and trends; 

Financing of International trade; 

Regional Economic Cooperation; 


Internationalisation of service firms; 

International production; 

Operation Management in International companies; 

International Taxation; 

Global competitiveness and technological developments; 

Global e-Business; 

Designing global organisational structure and control; 

Multicultural management; 

Global business strategy; 

Global marketing strategies; 

Export Management; 

Export- Import procedures; 

Joint Ventures; 

Foreign Investment: Foreign direct investment and foreign portfolio investment; 

Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions; 

Foreign Exchange Risk Exposure Management; 

World Financial Markets and International Banking.

External Debt Management; 

Country Risk Analysis

Booklist for Management Optional

  1. Fundamentals of Management by DeCenzo, Agarwal, Bhattacharya and Robbins
  2. Marketing Management by Philip Kotler
  3. Cost and Management Accounting by MN Arora
  4. Organization Behaviour by Stephen Robbins
  5. Financial Management by Prasanna Chandra
  6. Financial Management by Rustagi
  7. Human Resource Management by K Aswathappa
  8. Quantitative Approaches to Management by Levin and Rubin
  9. Operations Management by Heizer and Render
  10. International Business by Hill and Jain
  11. Business Environment by AC Fernando
  12. Strategic Management by Hill and Jones
  13. Management Information Systems by either Laudon or O’Brien

However, you are always advised to read the syllabus and do selective reading by limiting the books. Revision is the key in exams.

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