Upsc CSE Mains Exam Haas 9 paper out of which 2 are of optional. Upsc has 43 lists of optional subject to select from. Punjabi is an indo aryan language spoken primarily in the state of punjab.It is one of the official languages of India and is written in both Gurumukhi and Persian derived Shahmukhi script. It’s Literature focuses on its origin and various literary books written. It also does include a critical analysis of some famous authors.
The candidates who choose this subject are supposed to write the exam in Gurumukhi script.
Anyone who is well versed with the literature and the script of the language should opt this as their optional.
The syllabus and booklist of the same is listed below.
a) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones: classification of vowels and consonants.
b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions: Punjabi word formation: Tatsam. Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject and object in Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.
c) Language and dialect; the notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi; Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones. Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.
d) Classical background; Nath Jogi Sahit
Medieval literature : Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.
a) Modern trends Mystic, romantic, progressive and neo mystic (Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S. Neki).
Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal).
Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh)
Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar, Patar)
b) Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles, Proverbs.
Epic– (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)
Lyric– (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh)
c) Drama —- (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon, Charan Das Sidhu)
Novel — (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, Sukhbir, Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swaran Chandan)
Short Story — (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).
d) Socio-cultural Sanskrit, Persian Literary influences and Western.
Essay — (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh)
Literary Criticism — (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, Najam Hussain Sayyad).
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
a) Sheikh Farid The complete Bani as included in the Adi Granth.
b) Guru Nanak Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Var
c) Bulleh Shah Kafian
d) Waris Shah Heer
a) Shah Mohammad Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)
Dhani Ram Chatrik Chandan Vari
(Poet) Sufi Khana
b) Nanak Singh Chitta Lahu
(Novelist) Pavittar Papi
Ek Mian Do Talwaran
c) Gurbaksh Singh Zindagi di Ras
(Essayist) Nawan Shivala
Merian Abhul Yadaan.
Balraj Sahni Mera Roosi Safarnama
(Travelogue) Mera Pakistani Safarnama
d) Balwant Gargi Loha Kutt
Sant Singh Sekhon Sahityarth
(Critic) Parsidh Punjabi Kavi
Punjabi Kav Shiromani
1.Punjabi Bhasha Da Janam Te Vikas-Dr. Prem Prakash Singh
2.Sidhantak Bhasha Vigyan- Dr. Prem Prakash Singh
3.Punjabi Bhasha Da Viakaran: Part 1, 2 and 3 -Joginder Singh Pouar, Baldev Singh Cheema, Sukhwinder Singh Sanga and Ved Agnihotri
4.Panchayak Bhasha Vigyaan-Ved Agnihotri
1.Punjab di Lok Dhara-Sohinder Singh Bedi
Aadhunik Prageet Shilap-Dr Thakar Dutt Joshi
1.Principal Teja Singh Di Rachna -Bikram Singh Ghuman
2.Teja Singh Di Vartak Kala-Diwan Singh, Bikram Singh Ghuman
3.Professor Puran Singh Di Gad Shelli-Dr Gurdev Singh
Books for Questions from Gurbaksh Singh
1.Punjabi Nibandh (Saroop, Sidant te Vikas) -Balbir Singh Duggal
1.Punjabi Aalochana (Sidhant Te Vihar) -Harbhajan Singh Bhatia