Sanskrit is one of the optional subjects provided by the upsc board.
Although it is considered as an ancient language ,it is of much importance even today. Students shy away from Sanskrit on the assumption that they need to attempt the entire Civil Services paper in Sanskrit. But apart from three compulsory questions which need to be answered in Sanskrit, all the other questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or the medium of examination opted by the candidate.
Choosing this subject can prove fruitful to the candidates as they will get to know a lot about their country and its culture.
Even anyone from a non technical background can choose this subject as it is easy to understand and study .
One of the benefits of choosing literature as your optional is you tend to get away from current affairs. The paper is mostly direct.
Below is the syllabus and booklist for this subject.
1.Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on Sanjna, Sandhi, Karaka, Samasa, Kartari and Karmani vacyas (voice usages) (to be answered in Sanskrit).
2. (a) Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language.
(b) Prominent features of classical Sanskrit language.
(c) Contribution of Sanskrit to linguistic studies.
3.General Knowledge of:-
(a) Literary history of Sanskrit,
(b) Principal trends of literary criticism
(e) The origin and development of literary genres of:
Essentials of Indian Culture with stress on
d) Arts and fine arts
e) Technical sciences.
5. Trends of Indian Philosophy
6. Short Essay in Sanskrit
7. Unseen passage with the questions, to be answered in Sanskrit.
General study of the following groups:-
g) Dasakumaracaritam -Dandin
h) Sivarajyodayam-S.B. Varnekar
c) Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s Ramayana
d) Arthasastra of Kautilya
a) Svapnavasavadattam- Bhasa
b) Abhijnanasakuntalam- Kalidasa
e) Uttararamacaritam- Bhavabhuti
g) Venisamharam- Bhattanarayana
Short notes in Sanskrit on the following:-
(a) Raghuvansam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
(b) Kumarasambhavam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
(c) Kiratarjuniyam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
(a) Isavasyopanisad-verses-1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18
(b) Bhagavatgita II chapter verses 13 to 25
(c) Sundarakandam of Valmiki Canto 15, Verses 15 to 30 (Geeta Press Edition)
(a) Meghadutam-verses 1 to 10
(b) Nitisatakam-Verses 1 to 10 (Edited by D.D. Kosambi Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Publication)
(c) Kadambari-Sukanasopadesa (only)
(a) Svapnavasavadattam Act VI
(b) Abhijnansakuntalam Act IV verses 15 to 30
(M.R. Kale Edition)
(c) Uttararamacaritam Act 1 verses 31 to 47
(M.R. Kale Edition)
- Rachna Nuvid Kaumudi by Kapildev Dwivedi
- Brihad Anuvad Chandrika by Chakradhar Nautiyal “Hansa” Shastri
- Bhasha Vigyan evam Bhasha Shastra by Kapildev Dwivedi
- Sanskrit Sahitya ka Itihaas by Umashankar Sharma “Rishi”
- Sanskrit Kavi Darshan by Bhola Shankar Vyas
- R. Kale’s books on each of the Mahakavya
- Separate books for topics of Group 2 – Pracheen Sahitya (ancient literature)
- Original texts
- Raghuvansham – Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
- Kumarasambhavam – Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
- Kiratarjuniyam – Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
- Isavasyopanisad – verses -1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18
- Bhagavad Gita Chapter II verses 13 to 25
- Sundarakandam of Valmiki Canto 15, Verses 15 to 30
- Meghadutam – verses 1 to 10
- Nitisatakam – Verses 1 to 10 (Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Publication)
- Kadambari- Sukanaso-padesa (only)
- Shukanasopadesh – varnanam by Dr Rajendra Kumar