Marathi is a language widely spoken in the state of Maharashtra and some parts of Madhya Pradesh. The language belongs to the Indo aryan family of languages.
In upsc civil services few students take literature as their optional merely because it has no overlap with any of the GS papers . But literature has its own perks. Aspirants who chose literature get to know the history and emergence of the language. It is beneficial for those who enjoy reading novels and literary works.
Paper 1 of the literature includes the history and emergence whereas paper 2 is about the literary works of famous authors and critical analysis .
The paper should be answered in Marathi language itself.
The syllabus and book list for the same has been given below for understanding .
(Answers must be written in Marathi)
Language and Folk-Iore
(a) Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi)
Language as a signifying system : Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters.
Linguistic features of Marathi in the thirteenth century and seventeenth century.
(b) Dialects of Marathi Ahirani; Varhadi; Dangi
(c) Marathi Grammar
Parts of Speech; Case-system; Prayog-vichar (Voice)
(d) Nature and kinds of Folk-lore (with special reference to Marathi)
Lok-Geet, Lok Katha, Lok Natya
(History of Literature and Literary Criticism)
(a) History of Marathi Literature
- From beginning to 1818 AD, with special reference to the following : The Mahanubhava writers, the Varkari poets, the Pandit poets, the Shahirs, Bakhar literature.
- From 1850 to 1990, with special reference to developments in the following major forms : Poetry, Fiction (Novel and Short Story), Drama; and major literary currents and movements, Romantic, Realist, Modernist, Dalit Gramin, Feminist.
(b) Literary Criticism
- Nature and function of Literature;
- Evaluation of Literature;
- Nature, Objectives and Methods of Criticism;
- Literature, Culture and Society.
(2) Mahatma Jotiba Phule “Shetkaryacha Asud; ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’
(3) S.V. Ketkar ‘Brahmankanya;
(4) P.K. Atre ‘Sashtang Namaskar’
(5) Sharchchandra Muktibodh ‘Jana Hey Volatu Jethe’
(6) Uddhav Shelke ‘Shilan’
(7) Baburao Bagul ‘Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti’
(8) Gouri Deshpande ‘Ekek Paan Galavaya’
(9) P.I. Sonkamble ‘Athavaninche Pakshi’
(1) Namadevanchi Abhangawani’ Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar Modern Book Depot, Pune
(2) ‘Painjan’ Ed : M.N. Adwant Sahitya Prasar Kendra, Nagpur
(3) ‘Damayanti-Swayamvar’ By Raghunath Pandit
(4) ‘Balakvinchi Kavita’ By Balkavi
(5) ‘Vishakha’ By Kusumagraj
(6) ‘Mridgandh’ By Vinda Karandikar
(7) ‘Jahirnama’ By Narayan Surve
(8) ‘Sandhyakalchya Kavita’ By Grace
(9) ‘Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ By Namdev Dhasal
- Athavaninche Pakshi – P.I. Sonkamble
- Balakvinchi Kavita – Balkavi
- Brahmankany – S.V. Ketkar
- Damayanti-Swayamvar – Raghunath Pandit
- Ekek Paan Galavaya – Gouri Deshpande
- Jahirnama- Narayan Surve
- Jana Hey Volatu Jethe – Sharchchandra Muktibodh
- Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti – Baburao Bagul
- Lōkasāhitya mimānsā – Vishwanath Shinde
- Mridgandh’ – Vinda Karandikar
- Namadevanchi Abhangawani – Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar
- Painjan – Ed: M.N. Adwant Sahitya Prasar Kendra
- Prācīna marāṭhī vāṅmayācā itihāsa – la. Rā. Nasirābādakara
- Pradashikna 1 and 2
- Sandhyakalchya Kavita -Grace
- Shilan’ – Uddhav Shelke
- Sashtang Namaskar – P.K. Atre
- Shetkaryacha Asud’, ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’ – Mahatma Jotiba Phule
- Sugama marāṭhī vyākaraṇa va lēkhana – Mo. Ra. Valambe
- Vishakha’ -Kusumagraj
- Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ – Namdev Dhasa