#74 What is the Preferred Syllabus and Booklist for Nepali Literature Optional in UPSC CSE Mains?

Nepali literature is one of the optional in upsc cse mains exam. It consists of two papers worth 250 marks. Choosing an optional is a make or break game in civil services. Nepali language is mostly spoken in the north eastern part of India and some regions of uttarakhand. It is also included in the eighth schedule of the constitution. It is one of the official languages of the Republic of India. Although very few people choose this subject, it is worth your while . Anyone who is well versed with language can choose the subject . You will be required to write the exam in Nepali language itself. Anyone who has an interest in the language or has studied the language in graduation can take this subject. The syllabus and booklist for the literature is given below.

PAPER-I

Section-A

1.History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new IndoAryan Languages

2.Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology:

(i) Nominal forms and categories : Gender, Number, Case, Adjectives,Pronouns, Avyayas

(ii) Verbal forms and categoriesTense, Aspects, Voice, Roots and Fixes

(iii) Nepali Swara and Vyanjana;

3.Major Dialects of Nepali

Standardisation and Modernisation of Nepali with special reference to language movements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)

4.Nepali folklores (the following folkform only)- Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari.

5.Teaching of Nepali language in IndiaIts history and development with special reference to its socio-cultural aspects.

Section-B

1.History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India.

2.Fundamental concepts and theories of literature :

Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan, Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics, Stylistics.

3.Major literary trends and movementsSwachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad, Astitwavad, Ayamik Movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism.

4.Nepali folklores (the following folkform only)- Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini, Lahari.

PAPER-II

Section-A

1.Santa Jnandil Das-Udaya Lahari

2.Lekhnath Poudyal-Tarun Tapasi (Vishrams III, V, VI, XII, XV, XVIII only)

3.Agam Singh Giri-Jaleko Pratibimba : Royeko Pratidhwani (The following poems only – rasawako Chichy-ahatsanga Byunjheko Ek Raat, Chhorolai, Jaleko Pratibimba : Royeko Pratidhwani, Hamro Akashmani Pani Hunchha Ujyalo, Tihar).

4.Haribhakta Katuwal-Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi : (The following poems only – Jeevan : Ek Dristi, Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi, Akashka tara Ke Tara, Hamilai Nirdho Nasamjha, Khai Many-ata Yahan Atmahutiko Balidan Ko).

5.Balkrishna Sama – Prahlad.

6.Manbahadur Mukhia – Andhyaroma Banchneharu (The following OneAct plays only – ‘Andhyaroma Banchneharu’, ‘Suskera’).

Section-B

1.Indra Sundas-Sahara

2.Lilbahadur Chhetri-Brahmaputrako Chheuchhau

3.Rupnarayan Sinha-Katha Navaratna (The following stories only-Biteka Kura, Jimmewari Kasko, Dhanamatiko Cinema-Swapna, Vidhwasta Jeevan.

4.Indrabahadur Rai-Vipana Katipaya (The following stories only-Raatbhari Huri Chalyo, Jayamaya Aphumatra

Lekha-pani Aipugi, Bhagi, Ghosh Babu, Chhutyaiyo).

5.Sanu Lama-Katha Sampad (The following stories only-Swasni Manchhey, Khani Tarma Ekdin, Phurbale Gaun Chhadyo, Asinapo Manchhey).

6.Laxmi Prasad Devkota-Laxmi Nibandha Sangraha (The following essays only-Sri Ganeshaya Namah, Nepali Sahityako Itihasma Sarvashrestha Purus, Kalpana, Kala Ra Jeevan, Gadha Buddhiman Ki Guru).

7.Ramkrishna Sharma-Das Gorkha (The following essays only-Kavi, Samaj Ra Sahitya, Sahityama Sapekshata, Sahityik Ruchiko Praudhata, Nepali Sahityako Pragati).

Booklist:

  1. Himalayan Voices: An Introduction to Modern Nepali Literature
  2. Modern Literary Nepali: An Introductory Reader (SOAS Studies on South Asia)
  3. Gems of Nepali Literature by LB Thapa
  4. Nepal (Footprint Handbook) by Robert Ferguson
  5. Nepali: A National Language and Its Literature by Michael Hutt

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