Upsc offers Oriya literature as one of the optional in the civil services mains exam. The Oriya language is widely spoken in the state of Odisha . It is considered one of the 6 classical language.The preparation strategy for upsc civil services exam for literature optional include in depth knowledge of the subject and awareness about the language. Both the papers for the optional have to be written in the language itself. Anyone who is familiar with the language can opt for this subject. The subject involves study of literary works and critical analysis of the same.
If you are opting for this subject you must go through previous year papers and answer sheets of toppers who had this subject as it will give you insight on how to write and formulate an answer. Before starting your preparation get a copy of the syllabus and booklist with you. The same has been given below for your understanding.
PAPER – I
History of Odia Language
(i) Origin and development of Odia Language—Influence of Austric, Dravidian, Perso— Arabic and English on Odia Language.
(ii) Phonetics and Phonemics : Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Odia sounds.
(iii) Morphology : Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and inflectional affixes, case inflection, conjugation of verb.
(iv) Syntax : Kinds of sentences and their trans-formation, structure of sentences.
(v) Semantics—Different types of change in meaning. Euphemism.
(vi) Common errors in spellings, grammatical uses and construction of sentences.
(vii) Regional variations in Odia Language (Western, Southern and Northern Odia) and Dialects (Bhatri and Desia).
History of Odia Literature
(i) Historical backgrounds (social, cultural and political) of Odia Literature of different periods.
(ii) Ancient epics, ornate kavyas and padavalis.
(iii) Typical structural forms of Odia Literature (Koili, Chautisa, Poi, Chaupadi, Champu).
(iv) Modern trends in poetry, drama, short story, novel essay and literary criticism.
PAPER – II
Critical Study of texts—
The paper will require first hand reading of the text and test the critical ability of the candidate.
- Sãralã Dãs—Shanti Parva from Mahãbhãrata.
- Jaganãth Dãs—Bhãgabata, XI Skadhã—Jadu Avadhuta Sambãda. (Medieval)
- Dinakrushna Dãs—Raskallola—(Chhãndas—16 & 34)
- Upendra Bhanja—Lãvanyabati (Chhãndas—1 & 2).
- Rãdhãnath Rãy—Chandrabhãgã.
- Mãyãdhar Mänasinha—Jeevan—Chitã.
- Sãtchidananda Routray—Kabitã—1962.
- Ramãkãnta Ratha—Saptama Ritu.
- Manoranjan Dãs—Kätha-Ghoda.
- Bijay Mishra—Tata Niranjanä.
- Fakir Mohan Senãpati—Chhamãna Ãthaguntha.
- Gopinãth Mohãnty—Dãnãpani.
Short Story :
- Surendra Mohãnty—Marãlara Mrityu.
- Manoj Dãs—Laxmira Abhisãra.
- Chittaranjan Dãs—Tranga O Tadit (First Five essays).
- Chandra Sekhar Rath—Mun Satyadharmã Kahuchhi (First five essays).