#79 What is the Preferred Syllabus for Sindhi Literature Optional in UPSC CSE Mains ?

Sindhi language has a rich cultural history and is also spoken by many people.Sindhi works include religious, philosophical, and scientific texts. In the civil services exam the literature paper is written in both Persian and devnagari script. Anyone who has studied the subject before can opt for this as their optional. Paper 1 of this language will be about its origin and history. Paper 2 deals with the text and critical analysis of the famous works by the authors. The language paper does not require any subject specific knowledge but rather a deep understanding and awareness of the language. The syllabus has been mentioned below for your understanding and learning.

Paper I

Section A

(a) Origin and evolution of Sindhi language-views of different scholars.

(b) Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertaining to its phonology, morphology and syntax.

(c) Major dialects of the Sindhi language.

(d) Sindhi vocabulary-stages of its growth, including those in the pre-partition and post-partition periods.

(e) Historical study of various Writing Systems (Scripts) of Sindhi.

(f) Changes in the structure of Sindhi language in India, after partition, due to influence of other languages and social conditions.

Section B

Sindhi literature through the ages in the context of socio-cultural conditions in the respective periods :

  1. Early medieval literature up to 1350 A.D. including folk literature.
  2. Late medieval period from 1350 A.D. to 1850 A.D.
  3. Renaissance period from 1850 A.D. to 1947 A.D.
  4. Modern period from 1947 and onwards.

(Literary genres in Modern Sindhi literature and experiments in poetry, drama, novel, short story, essay, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, memoirs, and travelogues.)

Paper 2

Section A

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.

(1) Poetry

  1. “Shah Jo Choond Shair” : ed. H.I. Sadarangani, Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages)
  2. “Sachal Jo Choond Kalam”: ed. Kalyan B. Advani Published by Sahitya Akademi (Kafis only)
  3. “Sami-a-ja Choond Sloka” : ed. B.H. Nagrani Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages)
  4. “Shair-e-Bewas”: by Kishinchand Bewas
  5. (“Saamoondi Sipoon” portion only)
  6. “Roshan Chhanvro” : Narayan Shyam
  7. “Virhange Khanpoije Sindhi Shair jee Choond” : ed. H.I. Sadarangani Published by Sahitya Akademi

(2) Drama

  1. “Behtareen Sindhi Natak” (One-act Plays): Edited by M.Kamal Published by Gujarat Sindhi Academy.
  2. “Kako Kaloomal” (Full-length Play) : by Madan Jumani

Section B

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.

  1. ‘Pakheeara Valar Khan Vichhrya’ (Novel): by Gobind Malhi
  2. ‘Sat Deenhan’ (Novel): by Krishan Khatwani
  3. ‘Choond Sindhi Kahanyoon’ (Short Stories) Vol. III.:Edited by Prem Prakash, Published by Sahitya Akademi.
  4. ‘Bandhan’ (Short Stories) : Sundari Uttamchandani
  5. ‘Behtareen Sindhi Mazmoon’ (Essays) : Edited by Hiro Thakur, published by Gujarat Sindhi Akademi.
  6. ‘Sindhi Tanqeed’ (Criticism): Edited by Harish Vaswani: Published by Sahitya Akademi.
  7. ‘Mumhinjee Hayati-a ja Sona Ropa varqa’ (Autobiography): by Popati Hiranandani
  8. “Dr. Choithram Gidwani” (Biography): by Vishnu Sharma.

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