Modern History : Booklist , Syllabus & Preparation Strategy
History includes the events of the past which somehow influences or have a greater impact on todays future. Modern history is the beginning of the world after the middle ages. IN Upsc civil service examinations , the History part of the syllabus can be further sub-divided into:
- Ancient Indian History
- Medieval Indian History
- Modern Indian History
- World History (only in mains)
Syllabus of modern Indian history:
The history section of IAS Prelims Exam GS Paper I Syllabus comprises questions from Indian art, culture, Ancient, Medieval and Modern Indian History.
Modern India (middle of the 18th century until the present)
- All the Economic, Administrative & Socio-cultural impacts of the mentioned
- European Penetration of India
- British Conquest of India
- British Policies & Their Impact
- Socio-cultural Reform Movements
- Growth of Nationalism in India (1858-1905)
- Freedom Struggle and Movements
India Post Independence
- Partition and Its Aftermath
- Integration of Princely States
- Wars with Pakistan & China
- Nuclear Policy
- Green Revolution, Operation Flood & Cooperatives
- Popular Movements
- British expansion: The Carnatic Wars, Conquest of Bengal. Mysore and its resistance to British expansion: The three Anglo-Maratha Wars. Early structure of British raj: Regulating and Pitt’s India Acts.
- Economic Impact of the British Raj: Drain of Wealth (Tribute); land revenue settlements (zamindari, ryotwari, Mahalwari); Deindustrialization; Railways and commercialization of agriculture; Growth of landless labor.
- Cultural encounter and social changes: Introduction of western education and modern ideas. Indian Renaissance, social and religious reform movements; growth of Indian middle class; The press and its impact: the rise of modern literature in Indian languages. Social reforms measures before 1857.
- Resistance to British rule: Early uprisings; The 1857 Revolt- causes, nature, course and consequences.
- Indian Freedom struggle-the the first phase: Growth of national consciousness; Formation of Associations; Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate phase;- Economic Nationalism; Swadeshi Movement; The growth of “Extremism” and the 1907 split in Congress; The Act of 1909 – the policy of Divide and Rule; Congress-League Pact of 1916.
- Gandhi and his thought; Gandhian techniques of mass mobilisation- Khilafat and Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement; Other strands in the National Movement-Revolutionaries, the Left, Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army.
- Separatist Trends in Indian nationalist politics- the Muslim League and the Hindu Mahasabha; The post -1945 developments; Partition and Independence.
- Indian independence to 1964. A parliamentary, secular, democratic (republic the 1950 Constitution). Jawaharlal Nehru’s vision of a developed, socialist society. Planning and state-controlled industrialization. Agrarian reforms. The foreign policy of Non-alignment. Border conflict with China and Chinese aggression.
BOOKLIST FOR UPSC PRELIMS for Modern history
|A Brief History of Modern India -Spectrum||Modern History|
|NCERT Class XI Modern India- Bipan Chandra||Modern History|
Preparation strategy for modern India:
- One should go through all the basic NCERTs before starting of with reference books .
- Go through the books 4 to 5 times to understand the events which happened
- Relate the events further with polity for better understanding.
- Modern history deals with administration and reforms one should align these for better revision.
- Do not read reference books chapter wise, keep your syllabus in handy and refer the same.